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Nearly half of the states plan to ban or restrict abortion if Roe v. Wade is overturned : NPR


Ayesha Rascoe talks with David Cohen, regulation professor at Drexel College, about potential conflicts between states ought to the Supreme Court docket overturn Roe v. Wade.



AYESHA RASCOE, HOST:

If Roe is certainly overturned, it is anticipated that a few half of states will ban or severely restrict abortion. What’s much less clear is what the subsequent stage of the authorized battle may appear to be as pregnant folks in states the place abortion is banned throughout state traces to obtain abortions in states the place it is nonetheless authorized. We’re joined now by David S. Cohen, a professor at Drexel College’s Kline College of Regulation, who co-authored an upcoming article on cross-state authorized points linked to abortion. Thanks for being with us.

DAVID S COHEN: Thanks a lot for having me.

RASCOE: Missouri lawmakers thought-about laws earlier this 12 months that may enable non-public residents to sue anybody who helped a Missouri resident get hold of an abortion out of state. If Roe is overturned, do you count on states the place abortion is banned to move laws or attempt to move laws meant to restrict abortion past their borders?

COHEN: Completely. That is the subsequent frontier in anti-abortion laws as a result of states aren’t going to relaxation understanding that they’ve stopped abortion inside their borders. An excessive anti-abortion legislature goes to wish to cease as a lot abortion as they probably can. And wanting a nationwide abortion ban, a technique they’ll do that’s attempt to cease their residents from going to different states to get abortions the place it’s authorized.

RASCOE: Louisiana lawmakers are transferring ahead with a invoice this week that classifies abortion as a murder. And it will imply {that a} affected person or supplier who ends a being pregnant might get criminally charged. Would one thing like that apply to Louisiana residents who get an abortion in one other state or to well being care professionals who might present it in one other state? As a result of I believe, like, murder would seemingly, like, cross state traces, proper? Like how would one thing like that work?

COHEN: I believe what we will see is aggressive native prosecutors who wish to make a reputation for themselves or simply are true believers within the anti-abortion trigger making an attempt to use these state legal guidelines to crimes that occur in different states. Let me be clear – I do not assume that’s constitutionally allowed, however I believe they’ll say the impact of the crime is in our state, or the crime began in our state as a result of that creating of the prison mindset occurred in our state.

RASCOE: On the opposite facet of that, you’ve locations the place the state authorities is supportive of abortion. And they’re passing or contemplating legal guidelines that appear to anticipate this, together with this Connecticut regulation that may stop abortion suppliers from being extradited to different states, proper?

COHEN: Yeah. My co-authors and I’ve been encouraging states like Connecticut, California, Illinois, New York to guard their suppliers and others within the state who assist sufferers from out of state getting abortions there. And there are issues they’ll do. We noticed a regulation handed and signed into regulation this week in Connecticut the place the governor signed a regulation saying, our courts aren’t going to cooperate with out-of-state investigations, nor will we, as you mentioned, extradite folks for these out-of-state prosecutions. And in order that signifies that individuals who go to these states to get abortions can really feel protected understanding that they’ll get an abortion safely there. And the abortion clinics and suppliers might be protected understanding they’ll look after sufferers who come from out of state.

RASCOE: And so you have type of laid it out earlier than, however possibly simply lay it out very particularly concerning the powers that states need to attempt to get individuals who do issues past their borders.

COHEN: So it isn’t set in stone what powers states have throughout their borders, however it’s a grey space within the regulation. I imply, look. Once we journey round this nation, we predict so long as we’re following the legal guidelines of that state the place we’re, then we’re legally okay. However sadly, the regulation is not clear about that. And there are circumstances the place some folks consider – and we consider the anti-abortion states are going to attempt – to use their legal guidelines towards the state. So whether or not it is criminalizing touring out of the state to get an abortion or criminalizing the acts of somebody who murders what the state now thinks is a citizen of that state, we consider they’ll attempt.

RASCOE: I imply, it simply looks as if whenever you discuss, you realize, issues being tough or grey areas or issues like that, typically, what occurs when you’ve all these grey areas – do not they go to the Supreme Court docket? Am I considering of this unsuitable? Like, does this find yourself getting litigated once more?

COHEN: Yeah. A few of that is going to return to the Supreme Court docket. And if the Supreme Court docket thinks that by overturning Roe, it’s getting out of the abortion enterprise, they’re sorely mistaken as a result of many of those points we have been speaking about are going to return to the court docket, plunging it again into the abortion wars. They don’t seem to be going to flee this.

RASCOE: David S. Cohen, professor of regulation at Drexel College’s Kline College of Regulation, thanks a lot.

COHEN: Thanks.

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NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by an NPR contractor. This textual content is probably not in its closing type and could also be up to date or revised sooner or later. Accuracy and availability might differ. The authoritative document of NPR’s programming is the audio document.

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